|Title||Breakdown of effective temperature, power law interactions and self-propulsion in a momentum conserving active fluid|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||A. Vishen S, Prost J., Rao M|
|Keywords||Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter, Physics - Biological Physics, Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods|
Simplest extensions of single particle dynamics in momentum conserving active fluid - that of an active suspension of two colloidal particles or a single particle confined by a wall - exhibit strong departures from Boltzmann behavior, resulting in either a breakdown of an effective temperature description or a steady state with nonzero entropy production rate. This is a consequence of hydrodynamic interactions that introduce multiplicative noise in the stochastic description of the particle positions. This results in fluctuation induced interactions that depend on distance as a power law. We find that the dynamics of activated colloids in a passive fluid, with stochastic forcing localized on the particle, is different from that of passive colloids in an active fluctuating fluid. Consistent with recent experimental observations, an enzyme modeled as a dimer of activated colloids shows self-propulsion and enhanced diffusion.